One day she randomly asked me:
“Which one has better stats: Social Media or AdWords?”
I think she was looking for a quick answer so she could mock one of us for being a loser.
I also think I took her question a bit too seriously. I sent her a long email breaking down the differences. Gloria sent me back a lot of facepalm gifs. And I mean a lot.
Anyway….this post is a variation of that email (with names changed to protect the unamused).
The real clash of the titans.
It’s like comparing apples and oranges
One is like talking to strangers, one is like talking to “friends”. One targets people while the other one targets keywords. One is broadcasting a message, the other one is meant to be two-way communication. And on it goes.
At the end of the day however, both Social Media and AdWords need to have a positive ROI to be worthwhile. In most cases this means driving traffic, and this is where the difficulty in comparing them arises.
Both SMM and PPC are great at bringing people to a website, but the quantity and quality of the users that each bring in blurs the line of which is “the best”.
The Audiences Care About You In Entirely Different Ways
The biggest difference between Social Media and AdWords is the people you are talking to.
On (free) Social Media the people who read your posts are people who have already started a relationship with you. They have liked or followed your company, and said they want to hear your message. They like what you are saying in general, but aren’t necessarily interested in it right this minute.
On (paid) search the people you are talking to have just said they want to know about something. They haven’t expressed any preference to hear about it from you, but they have strongly implied that they really want to hear about it from someone right away.
So in other words:
- Social Media provides a limited audience, but one which is likely interested in you.
- AdWords provides an essentially unlimited audience, and one which wants to hear a message just like yours (but not necessarily your message, or from you).
In a nutshell, Social Media posts are often well received, but AdWords is more likely to get a user to take an immediate action.
This was my favourite facepalm gif in case you were wondering
Location, Location, Location
Social Media knows no borders, but almost all AdWords campaigns are geographically targeted.
Social Media can be self-selecting in the geography of its audience (meaning a local charity will primarily have local followers). However any social media posts have the potential to spread around the world (and they often do). Every brand I have ever worked for has had followers from far away places, that were interesting but un-useful.
PPC campaigns will almost always have geo-targeting however. This is at least partially because Social Media is free, but with PPC every click needs to be paid for. Targeting the clicks that get the best ROI will always mean breaking down audiences by location on one level or another.
Even if you didn’t geo-target ads yourself, Google would prioritise local ads over yours in many cases anyway. This is because 80% of people want ads about things local to them. Google knows this and likes to give people what they want.
What this means for the traffic from each source:
- Social Media posts can sometimes get a crazy amount of likes, but create no real world effects. There are tons of ways in which location can make the difference between someone enjoying a companies social media output, and actually being able to (or wanting to) go to events, make purchases etc.
- AdWords can focus on the people for whom geography is no barrier. If you want people to come to an event in Manchester, you can limit your message to Mancunians. If you only deliver products to countries in Asia, then you can advertise only to Asian users if you like.
Basically because of technical reasons, organic Social Media frequently sees a lot of wastage simply because of the location of users. AdWords can sidestep this issue.
The dark patches mean the places that like you most. For the record – this client was not based in America.
Boosting Traffic vs Building Communities
Both Social Media and Search Ads have the potential to boost your traffic and build an audience. They strangely work in almost polar opposite ways to achieve this however.
Posting on social media can give you a short term boost in engagement or site traffic. Most of the time posts are intended to have the cumulative effect of building a community though. This is because more followers or likes means a larger potential audience, which will lead to more followers or likes. Your posts build a community, and that community hopefully boosts your traffic.
Conversely, an ad on Google will always give a boost to site traffic, as that is specifically what you are paying for. If you have crafted a good message on both the ad and page, and used a relevant keyword then perhaps the person who clicks the ad will come back for more later. Your ads boost traffic, and hopefully that traffic joins your community.
Social Media is about building up a long term user base, but AdWords only tries to get more people on your site today.
Who am I kidding? This is my actual favourite facepalm gif.
Liking You vs Needing You
On Social Media your audience is likely interested in you. Unfortunately (especially with charities) they might not be interested in what you actually have to say.
For example, someone might follow a charity if they are doing an event for them (like running a marathon), but once the event is over that interest begins to wain. Out of loyalty this type of user keeps following the charity, but they will no longer read the charity’s posts.
This is a problem with all industries, which is why social media managers exist. Their specialist role is to keep audiences interested and engaged over the long term.
When social media management is done right, it encourages people to like a brand, as well as continue to interact with it over the long term. In the best cases, social media is also naturally viral – one person likes a brand and that encourages people that person knows to like it too.
This odd company-to-person “friendship” can have huge benefits when done right.
AdWords ads need to keep audiences interested and engaged too but it’s not at all about friendship. AdWords targets keywords, not people, so the audience is forever changing. Instead of asking people to pay attention to you forever, you are just trying to get them to notice you one single time.
If someone is looking for something you provide, you just need to be in the right place at the right time. This can be achieved with some amount of retargeting, so that you only advertise to people who you are pretty certain want to hear your message.
However most of the time AdWords ads aren’t about hitting the same people over and over again, which means you don’t need to build a relationship. This holds true even for charities. Once AdWords has your proverbial foot is in the door, then it’s down to someone/something else to make the relationship work.
To put it another way – AdWords ads just get people in the door ready to hear your offering. Social Media presents the offer itself.
Yes I could have Googled the answer in less than a second, but I wrote this instead. Thanks for asking.
(Anecdotal) Cold Hard Stats
While these stats are definitely cold (as they are from a long time ago) I wouldn’t exactly call them hard as they are from a single charity over a random one month period.
I can confirm however that they are real, and they illustrate the difference between PPC & Social Media quite nicely.
This is data about people driven to the site by each of these methods over the same time period. In this specific case, I was using an AdWords Grant for non-profits (of $10,000 per month), and Gloria was talking to an audience of about 5,000 followers on each platform.
$10k can buy a lot of clicks of course, but then again charity is often a very personal thing, and social media can hit an audience right in the feels.
And the winner is…
|1.23 Average Pages Per Session
|2.10 Average Pages Per Session
|13 seconds Average Session Duration
|2 minutes 7 seconds Average Session Duration
As you can see – AdWords and Social Media create totally different traffic in every way.
- AdWords drives almost ten times the amount of people to the site.
- Social Media drives people who stay for almost ten times longer!
People who clicked on social media posts were clearly interested in what they found. They stayed quite a while, and generally went onto another page or more.
People who clicked on AdWords ads usually didn’t stay on the site for very long, and rarely went onto a second page. But boy oh boy were there a lot of them.
To be fair (to me) in many cases the information related to the paid search ads was right at the top of the landing page. This made a short session duration an entirely reasonable result. I was just trying to make it easier for people to access important information.
To be fair (to Gloria) the people who clicked on my AdWords ads were rarely joining the community though. With a 13 second average visit, it was unlikely we saw many of them ever again.
Social Media vs Paid Search: The Dramatic Conclusion
The difference between (paid) Search and (free) Social Media is startling.
The bosses of the charity we were working for wanted more people on the site, so they loved what I was doing with PPC. They wanted to increase the number of people who knew about what they were doing, and wanted to reach new audiences desperately. I gave them that.
The bosses of the charity didn’t however care about the amount of Social Media followers they had per se, so they found my friends role more confusing. They wanted supporters of the charity to be kept engaged however and she was crushing that. Getting new supporters is a challenge, but keeping supporters interested for the long run is more so. Gloria gave them that.
Basically: AdWords can speak to lots of people who you wouldn’t otherwise reach (and hopefully find a few great users along the way). Social Media drives far fewer people to your site generally, but those people are much more valuable.
Each marketing channel is useful and important to any company (especially charities) and each provide very different things. It all comes down to the most obvious difference in the end though – AdWords talks to people who don’t care about you. Social Media talks to people who do.
Ok fine, this is my real favourite. Panda’s are just funny ok?